Since this pandemic is unique so as the extend of closure, there is a crucial need for sharing information about the local and national strategies in different contexts. That’s why the UNESCO Chair and WHO Collaborating Centre in Global Health and Education have launched a knowledge sharing process on school reopening.
The second survey on the safe reopening of schools is now closed and results are being analysed. The aim of the survey is to gather the experiences and opinions of education and health professionals about the processes in place in their countries and territories to reopen schools safely during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to keep them open.
The preliminary results from the first survey on school reopening are available here: preview survey school reopening. The results are also published in the article “Co-operation and consistency: a global survey of professionals involved in reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic“.
- A Health Promotion Focus on COVID-19. Keep the Trojan horse out of our health systems: Promote health for ALL in times of crisis and beyond!
The Health Promotion section of the European Public Health Association, IUHPE and the UNESCO Chair Global Health & Education would like to share five talking points that could evolve into a more refined and targeted public health discussion on the implications of this pandemic, from a health promotion perspective.
- Actions during the COVID-19 pandemic to protect the most vulnerable population: what is the potency amid chaos?
Preliminary research results in Brazil and around the world show the impact of COVID-19 on more vulnerable communities. However, despite the adverse circumstances of their territories, leaders have mobilized to face the challenges.
- ASPHER statement on the use of masks by children
ASPHER has made an additional Statement and Infographic specifically addressing the use of masks by children. Also available in German, Spanish, French and Portuguese.
- Co-operation and consistency: a global survey of professionals involved in reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic
The purpose of the study described in this article was to invite health and education professionals to share what was happening in their country about school reopening in terms of the features and implications of the guidance issued. A semi-structured questionnaire was distributed through the global community of UNESCO Chair ‘Global Health and Education’ and partner organisations.
- Coronavirus: what researchers know about the risk of reopening schools – and how best to limit it
Article by Nicola Gray, Didier Jourdan and Michael Marmot published by the Conversation. The authors consider the question if the benefits of reopening schools outweigh the risks, and if so, what the conditions are of a safe return?
- COVID-19: the intersection of education and health
Editorial of The Lancet. What lessons does the COVID-19 syndemic offer when considering the convergence between health and education?
- COVID-19 and Community Action: Importance of Health Promotion
COVID-19 provides us an opportunity to reflect our community action for health improvement. Health promotion in different settings, primary healthcare, school, workplace and municipalities, all have their key roles to support the local community to face the public health challenges.
- COVID-19 in children and the role of school settings in COVID-19 transmission
The aim of this document from ECDC is to provide an overview of the epidemiology and disease characteristics of COVID-19 in children (0-18 years) in EU/EEA countries and the United Kingdom (UK), and an assessment of the role of childcare (preschools; ages 0-<5 years) and educational (primary and secondary schools; ages 5-18 years) settings in COVID-19 transmission.
- COVID-19 in children and the role of school settings in transmission – second update
The aim of this report published by ECDC is to provide an update on the knowledge surrounding the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and the role of schools in the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing in particular on the experience in EU/EEA countries since the beginning of the pandemic.
- Expected impact of reopening schools after lockdown on COVID-19 epidemic in Île-de-France
This report updates and extends the evaluation of lockdown and exit strategies
- Face masks for the public during the covid-19 crisis
In this article the authors argue that policy makers should apply the precautionary principle now and encourage people to wear face masks on the grounds that we have little to lose and potentially something to gain from this measure.
- How Covid-19 will force education into the future
Article by Sean Slade, ASCD. In decades to come, the first months of 2020 will be seen as a watershed moment. It will be looked upon as a moment that changed the way we operate and the way we perceive ourselves, our communities, and our purpose.
- Policy Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on children
While children have thankfully been largely spared from the direct health effects of COVID-19 at least to date – the crisis is having a profound effect on their wellbeing. All children are being affected, in particular by the socio-economic impacts and, in some cases, by mitigation measures that may inadvertently do more harm than good. Moreover, the harmful effects of this pandemic will not be distributed equally. This policy brief provides a deeper analysis of these effects. It identifies also a series of immediate and sustained actions for the attention of governments and policymakers.
- Reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: governments must balance the uncertainty and risks of reopening schools against the clear harms associated with prolonged closure
Evidence to guide countries on reopening schools are sparse and there is continuing uncertainty about the degree to which school children are susceptible to and transmit COVID-19. However decisions will need to be made based upon currently available evidence and recognising that both reopening schools and keeping them closed carry considerable risk. The article reviews the benefits and risks of school closure and outlines five key principles for reopening schools
- Re-opening schools: what knowledge can we rely upon?
In this article the authors propose to take stock of the data available today as to the timing and process of re-opening schools. On the basis of the available data, the writers identify four benchmarks likely to guide both political decision-making and the action of parents, pupils and professionals.
- Returning to School: children and young people living with chronic illness
A framework is proposed to support the successful return to school of children and young people with chronic illnesses using appropriate intersectoral strategies. The article is based on both research regarding the impact of school closure on children and young people with chronic illness, as well as global research findings about their lives during the pandemic and on the advice from practitioners who work in the field with these young people and their families.
- School closings during the COVID-19 pandemic: findings from German high school students
In this report, the authors use data collected during the school lock down in Germany to analyse how students respond to the closings, how they perceive the closings, and how much support they receive.
- School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review
The authors of this article undertook a systematic review by searching three electronic databases to identify what is known about the effectiveness of school closures and other school social distancing practices during coronavirus outbreaks. Policy makers need to be aware of the equivocal evidence when considering school closures for COVID-19, and that combinations of social distancing measures should be considered.
- Supporting every school to become a foundation for healthy lives
This article in the Lancet Child & Adolescent Health is both an advocacy tool and a roadmap for building bridges between education and health and enabling the development of intersectoral practices in schools. The article takes stock of the available evidence on school health interventions and the conditions necessary for their effectiveness and sustainability. It shows that health professionals can be catalysts for structural change and act as vehicles for cross-sectoral implementation of reforms and innovations in school systems to promote the health of all students.
- The Impact of School Closure on Adolescents’ Wellbeing, and Steps towards to a New Normal: The Need for an Assessment Tool Update?
By gathering information from children and adolescents, the authors of this paper show that we can more effectively guide the development and evaluation of public health policies and identify solutions to mitigate the negative impacts of school closures, or to recognise and respond to any positive effects.
- What COVID-19 is teaching us about inequality and the sustainability of our health systems
EuroHealthNet has published an article about COVID-19 exposing the existing and persisting health inequalities in our societies. People living in deprivation or facing difficult socio-economic circumstances will experience the heaviest impact of the pandemic.
- A framework to guide an education response to the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020
OECD report which aims at supporting education decision making to develop and implement effective education responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. The report offers a framework to guide the development of context-specific education strategies. It includes a checklist of 25 points to support the development of an education strategy during the pandemic.
- Building back equal. Girls back to school guide
The guide aims to help policymakers and practitioners in Ministries of Education and their partners address the gender dimensions of the COVID-related school closures
- Considerations for School that are open
As some communities in the United States open K-12 schools, CDC offers the following considerations for ways in which schools can help protect students, teachers, administrators, and staff and slow the spread of COVID-19.
- COVID-19 and Its Implications for Protecting Children Online
Now more than ever, children and their families are turning to digital solutions to support children’s learning, socialization and play. While digital solutions provide significant opportunities for sustaining and promoting children’s rights, these same tools may also increase children’s exposure to online risks. This technical note from UNICEF and partners sets out some of the key priorities and recommendations on how to mitigate those risks and promote positive online experiences for children.
- Education International Guidance on Reopening Schools and Education Institutions
As a growing number of countries are considering easing restrictions and gradually resuming onsite education, Education International stresses a set of five dimensions that should be considered by governments, in dialogue with educators and their unions, when planning this next phase of the response to the COVID-19 crisis in education.
- First Statement of ASPHER on COVID-19 and its Impacts on Children During and After the Pandemic
COVID-19 – How, why, and for how long will children be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and what are the solutions to mitigate these consequences, particularly on education and schooling
- Guidance for COVID-19 prevention and control in schools
UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have developed a document to provide clear and actionable guidance for safe operations through the prevention, early detection and control of COVID-19 in schools and other educational facilities.
- Safe to learn during COVID-19: Recommendations
Safe to Learn partners have released a set of recommendations for governments to help prevent and respond to violence against children in different learning environments during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In these recommendations, Safe to Learn partners outline a number of existing challenges, including the fact that right now, many children are not safe to learn at home.
- Schooling during COVID-19: recommendations from the European Technical Advisory Group for schooling during COVID-19
The TAG has formulated recommendations of the following eight key issues: 1. Keeping schools open is a key objective; 2. Testing strategy in the school setting; 3. Effectiveness of applied risk-mitigation measures on infection control; 4. Educational outcomes, mental and social well-being; 5. Children in vulnerable situations; 6. Changes in the school environment that are likely to be of overall benefit to infection control AND child health; 7. Children’s and adolescents’ involvement in decision making; 8. Vaccination strategies with the purpose of maintaining education as a societal good
- Supporting Schools to Provide a Safe Online Learning Experience
Partners from the Safe to Learn coalition issued guidance for facilitating safe, effective online learning experiences for children during COVID-19. This guidance is directed at education ministries as they develop policies and resources to support schools in providing a safe online learning experience.
- UNESCO COVID-19 Education Sector issue notes
UNESCO Education Sector’s issue notes cover key topics related to the COVID-19 education response. They provide evidence of good practices, practical tips and links to important reference to mitigate the short and longer term impact of school closures.
The issue notes are prepared collectively by UNESCO education colleagues across the world and cover several topics under nine thematic areas, namely: Health and wellbeing; Continuity of learning and teaching; Gender equity and equality; Teaching and learning; Higher education and TVET; Education and culture; Education policy and planning; Vulnerable populations, as well as Global citizenship education and Education for sustainable development.
- Health & nutrition during home learning. Issue note 1.1
- Nurturing the social and emotional wellbeing of children and young people during crises. Issue note 1.2
- Distance learning strategies in response to COVID-19 school closures. Issue note 2.1
- Supporting teachers and education personnel during times of crisis. Issue note 2.2
- Unlocking the potential of family and intergenerational learning. Issue note 2.3
- Crisis-sensitive educational planning. Issue note 2.4
- Addressing the gender dimensions of school closures. Issue note 3.1
- COVID-19 crisis and curriculum: sustaining quality outcomes in the context of remote learning. Issue note 4.2
- Managing high-stakes assessments and exams during crisis. Issue note 4.3
- TVET systems and labour markets. Issue note 5.2
- Harnessing culture in times of crise. Issue note 6.1
- School reopening. Issue note 7.1
- Anticipated impact of COVID-19 on public expenditures on education and implication for UNESCO work. Issue note 7.2
- Conflict-affected, displaced and vulnerable populations. Issue note 8.1
- UNESCO’s weekly webinars about the educational dimensions of the COVID-19 pandemic
- COVID-19! How Can I Protect Myself and Others?
This guide aims to help young people understand the science and social science of COVID-19 as well as help them take actions to keep themselves, their families and communities safe. The guide was developed by the Smithsonian Science Education Center, in collaboration with WHO and the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) and is available in 15 languages.
- Ensuring educational continuity during school closures
Ensuring educational continuity in a situation of confinement is not an easy task, both for teachers and families. In order to support teachers but also families during this period, when children learn differently, resources developed in 2019 are made available in French on the website Réussir, Etre bien, Etre ensemble.
- Framework for reopening schools
UNESCO, UNICEF, the World Bank and the World Food Programme have developed a Framework which aims to inform the decision-making process regarding school reopening, support national preparations and guide the implementation process, as part of overall public health and education planning processes. It is designed to be a flexible tool that can be adapted to each context and updated as the situation changes. The guidelines outline six key priorities to assess the readiness of those schools and inform planning.
- Infographic: The COVID-19 pandemic and health inequalities: we are not all in it together
Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 is experienced unequally, with higher rates of infection and mortality among the most disadvantaged communities: it is not a socially neutral disease.
- Knowledge Map: WASH in Schools and Coronavirus
The WASH in Schools Network (UNICEF, GIZ, Save the Children, WATERAID; Emory, LSHTM, among others) has compiled a knowledge map with links to relevant materials about COVID-19 for learners, their families and the education system. The map is intended for the time when schools are closed and in preparation for re-opening of schools.
- Schools Decision Tool. Public Health Considerations for Reopening Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic
The purpose of this tool, published by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is to assist administrators in making (re)opening decisions regarding K-12 schools during the COVID-19 pandemic.